Moulding: The 5 Most Commonly Used

Each moulding is designed for a specific purpose. It can be used to frame a door or a window, but it can also just be used to add character to a bare wall in your home. Sometimes it becomes difficult to distinguish the different types of moulding. That’s where I come in. I’m going to help break down some of the basic mouldings used regularly.

MOULDING TYPES

Casing – What is casing used for? Casing is designed to cover up the unfinished gap between walls and doors or where walls and window frames meet. There are different styles and designs, but they all usually measure between two and three inches thick. Casing is one of the most common mouldings.

moulding

Baseboard – Baseboard is used to trim walls where they meet/join flooring. Baseboard is usually very basic and tends to have a simple design. It’s often paired with a piece of quarter-round. Baseboard sizes range from three to five inches thick. It often matches the casing used within a room. For example, Colonial casing and Colonial base are natural partners.

moulding

Crown – The “crowning” feature of a room. This is the transition between wall and ceiling. There are many types of crown moulding with intricate detail. Others can be created by using two or more styles to make a unique design. The sizes of the crown moulding can vary.

moulding

Chair Rail – Any ideas on why it’s called a chair rail? Quite simply, it’s meant to protect your walls from being damaged by the furniture. Although some people use it strictly for decorative purposes to divide the wall space and paint contrasting colors on top and bottom.

moulding

Picture Rail – It’s exactly what is sounds like. It’s a piece of moulding that is used to hang or place artwork on without having to nail directly into the wall. It adds another element to the room and allows you to add more to it with some frames, etc. It’s often paired with crown moulding and typically appears seven to nine feet off the floor.

Now of course there are more types of moulding, but these just happen to be the most commonly used!