Guide: Kitchen Cabinetry Terms
Yay! The decision to remodel your kitchen has been made and it’s a go! First, think about designing your kitchen space. Then move on to choosing cabinets and appliances. Here’s a guide to kitchen cabinetry terms to help you when looking for your new cabinets.
Guide to Kitchen Cabinetry
Box construction – This is construction of the cabinet including the top, bottom, back, sides, and shelves. Plywood is a top material choice.
Wood species – Oak, maple, cherry, and birch are popular woods for cabinets.
Finish – Choose the color of your cabinets with either a stain, solid color, or a glaze finish.
Full overlay – A cabinet door covering a cabinet’s entire face frame. Only a small portion of the cabinet’s storage area can be seen.
Reveal – Part of the cabinet frame which is seen or a slight space between the doors.
Dovetail – A strong carpentry joint used to complete a drawer.
Rabbet joint – A cut made into the wood to join the drawer sides and drawer face.
Undermount or side-mount glides – Glides are for opening and closing a drawer. Undermount glides are the popular choice for their smooth and sturdy function.
Soft close hinges – These prevent a cabinet door from slamming shut.
Toe kick – A recessed area of a base cabinet near the floor.
Soffit – In a kitchen, the space between the top of your wall cabinets and the ceiling.
Mortise and tenon – In woodworking, a type of joint used to connect two pieces of wood.
Mitered – A mitered door frame consists of four pieces joined at 45° angles plus a center panel.
Slab – A flat door with no frame or panel. Popular in modern cabinetry styles.
Wall door style:
Applied molding – Cabinet doors featuring decorative moulding detail.
Veneer – A very thin layer of wood applied over wood panels or other material.
Recessed panel – A cabinet door with a center panel which is slightly below the surrounding wood.
Raised panel – A cabinet door with a center panel that is slightly higher than the wood around it.
Slab – A flat style door; no frame or panel. Many contemporary or modern styles use slab style doors.
Shaker – A style using a recessed panel door. Simple, clean design.
V-groove – It’s just as it sounds: thin V-shaped lines (similar to a beveled edge) add a decorative touch to a cabinet door.